The village of Florida was founded by Anglo-European colonists in 1760. It was incorporated in 1946. Florida has its own school district consisting of Golden Hill Elementary School and S.S. Seward Institute. The mascot for S.S. Seward Institute is a Spartan.

Florida is in a farming area known for the vast onion fields (it calls itself the Onion Capital of the World) in the nearby Black Dirt Region. The population was 2,833 at the 2010 census estimates